National Archaeological Museum of Metaponto
The exhibition guides visitors through a historic and archaeological tour of Metapontino, from prehistory to the late antiquity.
In the halls there is a remarkable collection of artifacts found during excavations of settlements, cemeteries and shrines of the area.
The artifacts of the Bronze Age show a probable contact with the Mycenaean civilization, while the Iron Age is dating of the precious relics of the indigenous community of the
The Greek colonization is dating of the testimonies from the
Sanctuary of Incoronata
between centuries VIII and VII BC, among which the
Censer of the Incoronata
characterized by a drum decorated with stamps of waves, figures of winged animals and scenes of fighting.
Very interesting is also the crater with the representation of
Bellerophon on Pegasus
and the monumental basin on which are set in relief mythical episodes from Iliad and Odyssey.
The foundation of the colony of Metaponto, in the century VII BC, dates back to the Greeks from the Peloponnese region of Achaia.
The city reached quickly power and splendor, spreading its influence in the area until the Roman occupation, which decreed the gradual decline and end.
Phase of splendor around the centuries VI and V BC is documented by archaeological finds from the three temples of the city and from votive material consisting of clays, potterys, black-painted
ceramics, a archaic bronze of
(bearer of lamb), an archer of limestone from the
Temple of Apollo
and fragments of architectural decoration from the same temple, including gutters in form of suggestive leonine head.
A specific room is dedicated to the discovery of the sanctuary of
San Biagio alla Venella
, with architectural fragments of the temple and interesting votive material depicting female deities of nature.
The exhibition is complemented by the presence of gray Hellenistic potteries, Roman and African sealed ceramics and those late-empire produced in Asia Minor, up to a Byzantine lamp
with spiral decoration of the sixth century AD.