The Royal Palace of Caserta
Charles III of Bourbon
, the Royal Palace of Caserta is one of the grandest residences in the world, declared World Heritage by UNESCO.
The project, in 1751, is the masterpiece of
, who conceived a central body of colossal proportions, covering an area of 47,000 square feet, 250 meters wide and high up to 42 meters.
The intentions of the architect also included four corner towers and a monumental dome to crown the central vestibulum: his death and the continuation by his son Charles have made impossible
Outside, the huge
, which stretches for 3 km in length, on a surface of about 120 hectares.
From the center of the rear facade of the building, branch out two long parallel avenues, among which a series of magnificent fountains (fed by the extraordinary
) is placed, linking the elaborate Italian garden with the beautiful English garden.
The interiors are unfolded for 1200 rooms, illuminated by 1790 windows that open, as well as on the facades, on four large courtyards.
At the center of the long corridor with three naves, running through the palace from north to south, you reach the monumental Honor Staircase, which climbs to 117 steps, up to the central
From here you access to real rooms that are divided into the
(eighteenth century) and the
(early nineteenth century).
The first one represents a triumph of artistic Neapolitan handicraft late Baroque and Rococo, in which there is a succession of rooms with frescoes depicting the four seasons and richly
In the second one, from the Halls of Halberdiers and of Bodyguards, you reach the hall of Alexander the Great, and then the imposing Throne Room, with a series of adjacent areas of
representation, furnished in Empire style, in a profusion of frescoes, gold, marble and stucco.
Everywhere, the silk coverings coming from the famous
Factory of San Leucio
, built by Ferdinand IV.
Inside the building are also placed the monumental
, with more than 10,000 books finely bound, and the sophisticated
, whose scene can be opened directly onto the gardens.