The Uffizi were originally conceived by Cosimo I de' Medici to combine the administrative and judicial offices of the Duchy to a location next to the Palace of the Signory.
By Giorgio Vasari was then designed a monumental building with two arcaded arms, which was built starting in 1560 and completed in 1580 by Bernardo Buontalenti.
Vasari's work is also the famous
that, through the Uffizi and around the city, connects Palazzo Vecchio to Palazzo Pitti.
The nucleus of the Gallery was founded by Cosimo's son, Francesco I, who made close down the original loggia storey to house his collection of works of art and memorabilia, including
an already wonderful series of paintings and sculptures.
In particular, to worthily expose the archaeological exhibits, by Buontalenti was built the magnificent octagonal
, with dome encrusted with mother of pearl and an inlaid marble floor, inspired by the classic model of the
Tower of Winds
in Athens, celebrated by Vitruvius.
The collection was enriched with Ferdinand I, and continued to expand with the successors, until the death of Gian Gastone, with which the Medici dynasty died out in 1737.
The Florentine collections of the family were then transferred to the new Lorena dynasty, with the convention to leave them as a heritage to the city.
So, the Gallery was subjected to a reorganization in base to modern rationalistic and functional criteria, and it was open to the public in 1769.
The exhibited works, especially paintings, including some of the greatest masterpieces of all time, make it one of the most famous and important museums in the world.
In dozens of rooms you can admire artists such as Cimabue, Duccio and Giotto, with their splendid
, Masaccio, Gentile da Fabriano, Paolo Uccello, with his famous
Battle of San Romano
, Beato Angelico, Antonello da Messina, Piero della Francesca , with his
Portraits of the Dukes of Urbino
, Filippo Lippi, Andrea Mantegna, Antonio and Piero del Pollaiolo, Sandro Botticelli, with his very famous pictures of the
Birth of Venus
And again, Leonardo da Vinci, with his
and the unfinished, but astonishing,
Adoration of the Magi
, Pietro Perugino, Luca Signorelli, Michelangelo Buonarroti, with his magnificent
, Raphael, with his famous
Madonna of the Goldfinch
, Andrea del Sarto , with his
Madonna of the Harpies
, Giovanni Bellini, Titian, with his great
Venus of Urbino
, Jacopo Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino, Agnolo Bronzino, with his famous
Portrait of Eleonora of Toledo
, Correggio, Parmigianino, with his
Madonna with the long neck
, Caravaggio, with the famous
Head of Medusa
, Tintoretto, Rubens, Rembrandt, Guido Reni.