Buonconsiglio Castle in Trento
The construction began in the century XII, on the site of an earlier Roman fort, with progressive alterations and additions of new structures, dating back several centuries, through
a process of aggregation that makes construction one of the largest fortified complex in the Alps.
was adopted changing the original name,
, derived from the rocky hill on which the castle is located.
Residence of the bishops of Trento, from the thirteenth century until the end of the XVIII, one can distinguish three main groups:
, medieval style (Romanesque-Gothic), characterized by an imposing cylindrical tower, the
, built by Cardinal Bernardo Cles, reflecting Renaissance influences in architecture, and finally the seventeenth-century
due to Bishop Francesco Alberto Poia, which connects the two wings above.
After the invasion of Napoleon's troops in 1796 and subsequent annexation of the Episcopal Princedom of Trento to the County of Tyrol, the Buonconsiglio was reduced, from seat of representation,
in an Austrian military barracks.
Past to the Italian State after the First World War and the Autonomous Province of Trento in 1974, is now part of the museum system of monuments and art collections in the province.
The interior contains cycles of frescoes of great importance.
To the end of the fourteenth century dates the
Cycle of Months of Torre Aquila
, an extraordinary example of late Gothic painting, among the most significant in Europe.
The cycle is divided into several panes, one for each month of the year: each pane, surrounded by twisted columns, shows representations of aristocratic life, following the models of
courteous language, but also agricultural and pastoral activities of the rural population, according to the alternation of season.
In the Magno Palazzo unfolds instead Renaissance decoration made by brothers
To Dossi were entrusted, inter alia, the
Hall of Mirrors
Chamber of the Black Chimney,
Stua della Famea
(refectory) and the
To Romanino we owe the magnificent decoration of the
Loggia of the Courtyard of the Lions
, airy central porch for communication between different parts of the building in which the artist created between architectural spaces of the vault, one of the most original and evocative pictorial cycles
of Renaissance, alternating scenes theme profane, with episodes of Roman history and mythology, to other of sacred argument on biblical subjects.